In my experience, very few people understand the techniques, limitations, and implications of encryption (and the attacks upon it). I work with, and have worked with, a large number of talented software engineers and system administrators, and for the most part their understanding of this topic is only a surface understanding. The public image of encryption and hacking on CSI, and Mission Impossible only makes it worse. I don’t expect people to undestand this technology and its complexities. It’s too hard. Just relax and understand that you have no clue, and most likely no normal manager, politician, or non-specialized technologist does either. It is VERY complex.
What is not complex is the understanding that encryption is important to you. Personally, economically, socially, and politically, knowledge is power and control. We already live in a world where powerful people and organizations are allowed to keep more secrets than individuals. A world without legal strong encryption could easily become one where the powerful have unlimited secrets, and you are allowed zero.
It makes me very glad to see Apple and Tim Cook fighting the police and the President for your right to have some privacy in your life.
I strongly agree with John Gruber’s statement in support of Tim Cook:
Jenna McLaughlin, reporting for The Intercept:
Apple CEO Tim Cook lashed out at the high-level delegation of Obama administration officials who came calling on tech leaders in San Jose last week, criticizing the White House for a lack of leadership and asking the administration to issue a strong public statement defending the use of unbreakable encryption.
The White House should come out and say “no backdoors,” Cook said. That would mean overruling repeated requests from FBI Director James Comey and other administration officials that tech companies build some sort of special access for law enforcement into otherwise unbreakable encryption. Technologists agree that any such measure could be exploited by others.
Apple — and Tim Cook, specifically — is the only major tech company currently defending encryption against intrusive surveillance to this degree. Every other company is either open to compromise publicly, has privately compromised, or has failed to take a firm stand.
This came up during last night’s Republican primary debate — not about tech companies refusing to allow backdoors in encryption systems, but about Apple specifically. Tim Cook is right, and encryption and privacy experts are all on his side, but where are the other leaders of major U.S. companies? Where is Larry Page? Satya Nadella? Mark Zuckerberg? Jack Dorsey? I hear crickets chirping.
Real leaders have courage, and on this very essential issue — in the face of fierce political pushback from law enforcement officials — only Tim Cook is showing any.
I’m starting to get the hang of the Docker thing. I’ve been doing it _just barely_ long enough to see some change, and I’ve read material over a longer period. I think it’s important (from an architecture planning perspective) to constantly keep in mind that Docker is a set of very rapidly changing abstractions over a set of solid long-term base functions. Often the abstractions really suck for a while, since they haven’t truly figured out what things are going to look like in the end.
So we have lots of instances of:
In the past we used this crazy workaround for a feature being missing <——> now we have a half-baked abstraction that may or may not be better than the crazy workaround <——> when we get to use docker 1.9 (or 2.5 or whatever) it will make sense in this way better way.
Logging is one of those that is probably pretty solidly fixed in docker 1.9.
In networking, the new shape in docker 1.9 looks awesome, so by docker 1.11, it should be solid.
Volumes are just starting to get a real picture laid out for us.
So for volumes, we have four ways that docker manages volumes:
- Host mount (i.e. -v /home/josh/folder:/dock/app/folder): this completely makes sense, and is solid. The only problem with it is that it doesn’t allow any sort of clustering tools to manage/move the containers around, since the volume is outside of the management scope of docker. It’s a host volume, so it’s tied to the host. In the tight scope of our needs for doing Postgres, I think this is the option we should stick with. It just makes things explicit, and we don’t need to move our containers.
- Anonymous volumes: (i.e. -v /dock/app/folder or VOLUME /dock/app/folder in dockerfile). This creates a randomly named folder somewhere in /var that is mounted into the container. If you don’t docker rm –v the container when you are done with it, this folder will get orphaned, and you’ll leak disk space. While you can use docker inspect to find the folder, there is no real tooling for working with the volume or managing it’s lifecycle. By themselves, these volumes aren’t really useful. They have some performance and reliability implications, but really they are more of a hole in the abstraction, than an operation tool in their own right.
- Volumes-from: Using #2, we can create a container that has anonymous volumes, but give them a name/handle because they have a container that they are connected to. That container shouldn’t even be running, it should have been run and stopped or just by using the docker create command. Running the second container with —volumes-fom will have the storage from the first container be used as the persistent location for files from the running container. This idea is more compatible with docker cluster managers and portability, but it’s also awkward. You can’t create a data container with Docker Compose. You end up with IMPORTANT stopped containers lying around on your host (a lot of scripts that are out there for cleaning up orphans just delete all of your stopped containers…). For a long while, this has looked like the ‘docker way’ of managing persistent storage, but now it appears that things are changing…
- Named volumes (i.e. -v myvolume:/dock/app/folder) in Docker 1.9, a cluster of new ‘docker volume’ commands showed up, and the ability to give an ‘anonymous volume’ a name showed up, and volume drivers are in there too. I wouldn’t dream of relying on this functionality yet, as it seems like things are rapidly changing, and theres a pile of bugs and feature requests on github on the subject, but this is a clear abstraction and vision for the future of volume management. In the future, there will be some sort of separate storage server, with it’s own management tools. You’ll be able to cluster and cache and backup volumes through that tool (probably there will be a number of competing solutions), and you will just run your container with it’s volumes specified by name and connect to the volume driver and it will be automagically managed for you. If you need to move containers around, the volume storage server will make sure your data moves too. We should absolutely use this. Next year or sometime.
TLDR: let’s just use host volumes.
In coming up with a solution, it’s good to have a checklist to work from. You don’t have to check all the boxes, but it’s useful to know which ones you’re taking a miss on. Anatomy of a Modern Production Stack · 80%
I’m reading Git From The Inside Out, which is an excellent tutorial on Git, from the viewpoint of it’s technology and data structures (rather than just a quick run through of the basic commands), so I thought it might be a good time to list out some other resources on using Git. Firstly the live tutorial by GitHub and Code School and the git book are worth looking into.
For graphical git clients on the Mac, the new hotness is GitUp, Atlassian gives out SourceTree for free, and GitBox or Tower are popular with the community. Working Copy is a git client for iOS so that you can read and work your code while on the go.
For a little fun, GitLab posted a profile of the 7 Git Personalities. They just need a FaceBook survey so that we can all post our identity. There are a lot of ways that people use git in their workflow and handling the basics of branching. One is GitFlow…obligatory GitFlow Considered Harmful. If you’re feeling the git pain, maybe Advantages of Monolithic Version Control will make you feel less alone.